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Kinetic Friction or Static?

Name two characteristics of this friction.

 

FRICTION force vector
always drawn opposite to motion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This object below is

moving to the right.

 Describe its velocity.

 

 

 

 

Object's velocity is increasing.

 

 

 

This object is moving.

Describe its velocity.

Which way is it moving?

 

 

 

 

Constant Velocity, Fnet = 0

The car is moving to the right.

 

 

 

 

*** At Constant Velocity:

 

 Fapplied = Friction Force

 

a = 0

Fnet = 0

 

 

 

 

*** When object is moving
on a horizontal surface,
the normal force equals .....

 

 

... the weight force.

Fn = weight force

 

= w = mg

 

 

 

 

 

On a horizontal surface:

 

fs= Fnus = wUs = mgUs

 

fk= FnUk = wUk = mgUk

 

 

 

 

 

Both blocks are being
pulled at constant
velocity.
What is the reading
on the force scale on the right?

 

 

 

 

 

Hint: fk = mgUk

 

 

 

 

 


f = 10 N,

m, g, Uk
don't change when
blocks are stacked!

 

 

 

Ex 1) If an object is moving on a horizontal surface and you doubled the weight force on the object, how would that change the kinetic friction force?

 

(Hint: weight force = normal force on horizontal surface.)

 

 

kinetic Friction
 Would Double 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On a horizontal surface

 

Static Friction equation

fs= Fnus = wus = mgus

 

Kinetic friction equation

fk= FnUk = wUk = mgUk

 

 

1) What would happen to the kinetic friction (fk) if:

 

a) Uk (the roughness number) were halved?

 

 

fk= FnUk

 

 

f would be halved

 

 

 

b) tripled the weight force (F)?

fk= wUk

f would be tripled

 

 

 

c) turned the block on its' side?

fk= FnUk = wUk = mgUk

 

 

f would be unchanged

 

 

 

Friction Questions

 

 

 

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